20 Dec Who Is at Risk of Developing Type 2 Diabetes?
Diabetes is a medical condition that is characterized by the body’s inability to produce or use insulin, a hormone that lowers blood sugar. It is a severe condition that could result in many complications if left untreated. There are many types of diabetes, including gestational diabetes, type 1, and type 2 diabetes. Our San Diego internal medicine doctors are experienced and qualified to manage all types of diabetes and help you avoid nasty complications such as heart disease and stroke.
Though there are many types of diabetes, the most common is type 2 diabetes, which affects about 90% of people with diabetes. It is a condition in which the body stops responding to insulin production. At first, the pancreas increases the supply to help reduce the build-up of blood glucose. However, the production reduces with time and becomes ineffective in fighting the build-up of sugar in the blood.
People with type 2 diabetes may or may not have any symptoms until the disease leads to serious complications such as hypertension, heart disease, or stroke. Call 619-333-8114 for more information about diabetes.
The CDC recommends that people with risk factors periodically run blood tests and make lifestyle changes that reduce their risk of developing the disease. Here are some of the known risk factors for type 2 diabetes
Diabetes is one of the many complications of being obese. People with obesity often need more insulin which the pancreas may be unable to produce, resulting in a build-up of blood sugar and insulin resistance, which are the main markers of type 2 diabetes.
Prediabetes is a condition that often precedes the development of full-blown diabetes. It is marked by above-normal blood sugar levels but not as high as the levels of diabetes. People with prediabetes have increased chances of developing type 2 diabetes if they do not make adequate lifestyle changes.
Researchers believe that people who are 45 years and above have increased chances of developing type 2 diabetes compared to younger people. However, increased physical inactivity, childhood obesity, and an unhealthy diet has made it quite common among the younger population.
Family History and Race
Type 2 diabetes has a strong genetic link, and many studies have linked the disease to people from ethnic groups such as African Americans and Pacific Islanders. People with parents or siblings with the disease also have increased chances of developing type 2 diabetes themselves.
Living a sedentary lifestyle is another habit that is often linked with type 2 diabetes. People who work behind desks for long periods and don’t get much exercise are at risk of being obese, a condition that has a strong connection to type 2 diabetes.
History of Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes is one of the most common types of diabetes. It only affects pregnant women as certain hormones released during pregnancy causes glucose build-up in the blood. According to the CDC, about 50% of women who have gestational diabetes later develop type 2 diabetes.
Diabetes is a serious medical condition that needs monitoring by qualified medical professionals. Please contact our internal medicine San Diego centers to avoid complications if you have any of these risk factors.