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How Can Aqua Therapy Complement Traditional Medical Care?

Aquatic therapy is a form of alternative care often used alongside traditional medical care to facilitate and promote recovery among patients. Many pain management clinics now offer such complementary therapies as a restorative measure in place of medication alone.

In recent years the trend of aquatic therapy has gained popularity to be used as an alternative to other traditional therapies. Backed by science, the soothing effects of water can not only heal the body but assist it with rehabilitation, fitness, and reduction of stress.

Aquatic TherapyThe Science behind Aquatic Therapy

Simply said, aquatic therapy refers to rehabilitation through water, taking place in an aquatic environment like a pool or spa.  In the US, several organizations are legally registered for providing aquatic services. It is a certified physical therapy course unit with athletic trainers assisting patients with exercises and plans for therapy.

Aquatic therapy primarily has the following goals:

  • Improves flexibility
  • Enhances aerobic capacity
  • Promotes relaxation and reduces stress
  • Builds muscle stress and increases endurance
  • Improves coordination and balance

This alternative care therapy differs from aquatic fitness as it aims towards rehabilitation and stress relieving services. It involves professional assistance and is to be covered by insurance providers as a medical facility. While aquatic exercise is a fitness program, aquatic therapy does not include learning to swim or water-based activities. This facility is provided by legally certified institutes like hospitals, rehabilitation centers, and private clinics.

Benefits of Aquatic Therapy:

Aquatic therapy can help with the following conditions:

  • Arthritis pain management
  • Autism
  • Balance disorders
  • Depression
  • Chronic pain
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Lower back pain
  • Joint surgery recovery
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Stroke
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Stress
  • And other neurological disorders

The therapy does not have any age restrictions. People of all ages can benefit from this therapy.

Types of Aquatic Therapies

  • AI CHI Aquatic Therapy

AI Chi is a water therapy initiated by Jun Konno in 1993. It involves progressive training and diaphragmatic breathing with all the mental, spiritual and physical energy integrated. It features both Western and Eastern techniques.

  • Aqua Running

Aqua running is also known as the deep water running. It involves a flotation belt which keeps the upper body above water level. This therapy mainly involves the rehabilitation of joints and spine.

  • Bad Ragaz Ring

The Bad Ragaz Ring method was initiated by a team of physiotherapists with the aim of developing mobilizing and strengthening exercise models. This therapy involves the use of multiple aquatic exercises.

  • HALLIWICK concept

Originally planned in the 1940s, this therapy model aims at helping patients develop core stability and balance. It involves working with people with disabilities to learn swimming and through that improve the following conditions:

  • Mental adjustment
  • Transversal rotational control
  • Sagittal rotation control
  • Mental inversion or upthrust
  • Combined rotation control

What is required?

Other than a trainer and standard swimming accessories, a patient may need to have the following:

  • Stationary bicycles
  • Weight barbells
  • Kickboards
  • Short tipped flippers and fins
  • Ankle Weights

Other than that the accessories required depend on the type of aquatic therapy the individual opts for. A trainer will provide a list of things required prior to each session.

The Single Complete Solution to Chronic Pain – Restorative Pain Management

What is Chronic Pain?

Pain is your body’s warning mechanism to alert you to an underlying condition or injury, for example when you cut a finger. As the injury heals, the pain disappears. But chronic pain is different. Your body may keep hurting for weeks, months, even years.


Any pain that lasts longer than 6 months is often termed ‘chronic pain’. Chronic pain may appear as dull, throbbing, burning, shooting or stinging pain or even as continual joint or body stiffness. Leading causes of chronic pain include –

  • Past injury or surgery
  • Musculoskeletal issues
  • Nerve related pain
  • Degenerative conditions, such as arthritis
  • Fibromyalgia
  • Cancer

Why Restorative Pain Management?

Many traditional pain treatments target only the symptoms to relieve pain. This does not offer long term relief and the pain often returns with a vengeance.


Restorative pain management, on the other hand, treats not only the pain itself, but also the cause of your pain. Board certified pain management doctors, at Pacific Medical care in San Diego, focus on identifying the source of your pain and treating it, rather than a “Band-Aid” approach.


Restorative pain management may include medication management, minimally invasive interventional pain procedures, such as –

  • trigger point therapy
  • epidural injections
  • nerve blocks
  • radiofrequency ablation
  • joint injections, and more


Unique individualized programs take into account the patient’s full history, accurate diagnosis, severity of underlying condition and the extent of pain. The customizes treatment plans center around realistic, obtainable and measurable goals.


To consult the best pain management doctors or internal medicine doctors in San Diego, call Pacific Medical Care at 619-333-8114 Today. Pacific Medical Care also provides on-site care routinely to long term care facilities, to prevent the need for residents to travel for doctor visits. This also includes Mobile Lab work and Radiology capabilities.

Cervical Dystonia Gets FDA Approved Orphan Drug RT002

Revance Therapeutics, Inc is a leading biotechnology company that develops botulinum toxin products used for the treatment of therapeutic conditions. It recently announced that its drug candidate Daxibotulinumtoxin A for injection (RT002) had been granted the orphan drug designation to treat cervical dystonia.

Orphan drug designation provides financial and developmental benefits to companies that research on a product for the treatment of a rare condition/disease. The benefits also include clinical trial costs, tax credits and more.

Causes of cervical dystoniaWhat is cervical dystonia?

Cervical dystonia is a painful neck muscle contraction which causes abnormal postures and movement of the neck and head. Also known as spasmodic torticollis, cervical dystonia may cause the following symptoms:

  • Sustained or jerky neck movements, or a combination of both
  • Involuntary movement of head towards the shoulder which eventually leads to an unbearable headache
  • Spasms that may resemble tremors
  • Resulting neck pain radiating into the shoulders
  • The condition can occur at any age but is the most commonly found in individuals of middle age.

This condition may have primary (neurological) or secondary causes (physical trauma). According to the Mayo Clinic, this condition can spread to different areas of the body including arms, trunk, jaw, and face. If not treated effectively, it may lead to the development of bone spurs which causes weakness and numbness in limbs. Neck spasms that become intolerable may also lead to internal bleeding which is why it must be addressed immediately as it increases in intensity.

Treatment of cervical dystonia

A painful condition, cervical dystonia is currently treated with the following options:

  • Oral medications
  • Surgery
  • Botulinum toxin injections
  • Some complementary therapies

Among these, the use of botulinum toxin minimizes the communication between the muscle and nerves which suppresses the abnormal postures and movements. Some people have reported success with trying sensory tricks such as touching the opposite side of the face to stop the spasms temporarily but this may lose effectiveness as the condition progresses.

While treatments may help abate symptoms, there is no cure for cervical dystonia. In some instances, the disorder may resolve on its own without treatment, but sustained remissions are not common.

Prognosis for RT002

According to Revance, the global market investment for botulinum toxins for the treatment of muscle disorders was $1 billion by 2015.

Dan Browne, CEO and President at Revance stated that RT002 “appeared to be generally safe and well-tolerated and showed a clinically significant reduction and long-lasting improvement of subjects.”

He also said that he is pleased with the endowment of approval by FDA. The company plans on proceeding with the next steps of their cervical dystonia programs in early 2018.

Currently, treatment of cervical dystonia with botulinum toxins may take up to three months. But with RT002 the same will have the first long-acting neuromodulator treatment available.

It is hoped that the developmental efforts of this drug put by Revance therapeutics will prove effective as a solution for the treatment of cervical dystonia.

Restorative Pain Management Therapies

Restorative therapies are designed to help individuals cope with every aspect of pain and how it influences their psychology and lifestyle. Many people choose this treatment option over medicinal and surgical intervention to seek restorative health therapies for intractable, acute and chronic pain. With its multidisciplinary and innovative approach, it integrates a combination of non-interventional and interventional care with facilities like rehabilitation, psychological counseling, lifestyle management therapies and art therapy.

Urgent Care La Mesa can help such patients get the treatment they want with the help of professional expertise in all restorative pain management fields. Some of the options available to patients include:

Benefits of Occupational TherapyOccupational Therapy

Occupational therapy helps in the following ways:

  • Serves as an intervention for children who struggle in schools
  • Helps those suffering from disabilities to participate in social situations
  • Assists individuals regain from trauma and injury
  • Provides support to adults in dealing with cognitive changes.

It is a customized service that evaluates goals and needs and designs activities accordingly.

Physical Therapy

Physical therapy provides services that are beneficial in the following ways:

  • Maintaining, developing and restoring movement
  • Maximizing individuals’ functional abilities
  • It is helpful for people of all ages, who may be suffering from restrictive movement caused by diseases, injury, disorders and more.

Physical therapists work with patients to improve their emotional, psychological and social wellbeing.

Stress management

One of the most common issues of society, stress can disrupt everyday life activities. Stress management therapy deals with the techniques employed by doctors, therapists, and psychiatrists to deal with individuals suffering from stress. Stress management therapy aims towards restoring their lives in a stress-free normal way.

Cognitive behavioral therapy

Cognitive behavioral therapy is a psychological treatment that supports mental health. It focuses on:

  • The development of new thinking patterns and behaviors that help resolve unhelpful, painful cognitions.
  • Deals with depression, pain management and anxiety during a physical treatment.


An age-old technique, acupuncture stimulates different energy points on the body. It is a Chinese medicine technique in which needles are inserted on these points through the skin. This treatment is beneficial because of it:

  • Helps ease chronic pain such as neck pain, low back pain, arthritis and knee pain
  • Reduces the frequency of headaches, prevents a migraine
  • Is suitable for patients suffering from multiple chronic disorders

Acupuncture is provided to patients under the professional care of acupuncturists.

Medication transition program

Even while taking prescribed drugs, patients develop a certain amount of dependency on them. Developing a tolerance for opioids, human body starts requiring an increased amount of dose to achieve the same effect. This causes health problems, and withdrawal effects when attempting to discontinue use. To facilitate a transition from medication, the following services can help:

  • Psychology and wellness sessions are conducted to reduce the stress on nervous system
  • The therapy sessions are also helpful for patients dealing with opioid dependency
  • Clinics also provide all forms of care that may restore the balance of body and brain

Difference Between Headaches and Migraine

Do you often suffer from headaches? Do you wonder whether it is migraine? Is the pain in your head a headache or a migraine?

Knowing the difference between headaches and migraines can help offer faster relief through treatment.


Headaches can cause pain or pressure or an ache. The symptoms can range from mild to severe. Common headache types include –

Tension Headache – A tension headache feels like a persistent ache or pressure on both sides of the head or at the back of the head and neck. These headaches are commonly triggered by anxiety, stress and muscle strain.

Cluster Headache – Cluster headaches are cause severe pain on one side of the head and occur in cycles.

Sinus Headache – Sinus headaches occur due to sinus infection and may be accompanied by fever, cough, stuffy nose, congestion and a feeling of pressure on the face.

Headaches can affect your forehead, temples, face and back of the neck. Depending upon the type of headache, they can last from a few minutes to even a week!


Migraines are severe headaches, often accompanied by other symptoms, such as –

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Light Sensitivity
  • Pain behind one eye or ear
  • Temporary vision loss
  • Seeing flashing lights

Differences between Other Headaches and Migraine –

  • A migraine typically appears as intense throbbing pain that prevents you from going on about your daily chores
  • Migraines only affect one side of the head.
  • Migraines often comes with seeing flashing lights, unusual smell, taste or touch, numbness or tingling in face or hands, and difficulty concentrating.

Headache and Migraine Treatment

Internal medicine doctors can treat your headaches or migraine by

  • prescribing drugs, such as aspirin and paracetamol,
  • prescribing NSAIDs or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Stronger narcotic-type analgesics

You can prevent chronic migraines by identifying and avoiding common triggers, like skipping meals, alcohol, oral contraceptives and lack of sleep.

To learn more or to consult internal medicine doctors, call the leading healthcare service in San Diego, Pacific Medical Care at 619-333-8114 Now. Pacific Medical Care offers a broad suite of healthcare services, with the goal in mind of providing first rate care to treat the whole patient with Board certified house call doctors, internal medicine and pain management doctors and podiatry services.

Why a Multi-Treatment Approach to Sciatica Pain Will Increase Healing Potential

Sciatica is often misunderstood simply because it is a symptom of various conditions. Consider that the pain radiates along the sciatic nerve, which is the largest nerve in the body and may occur anywhere along that nerve. Pain may radiate down one or both legs. For some people, there is a sense of numbness or pins and needles, for others, there is intense pain or, muscular weakness. Pain is likely to vary in both frequency and intensity. When it occurs, it can impact life considerably affecting how the individual sleeps, sits, walks, stands and of course, mood.

how to relieve sciatica painThere are numerous reasons as to why sciatica occurs. It is essentially a set of symptoms involving one of five spinal nerve roots. Compression of the sciatic nerve may be caused by repetitive stress, poor posture or, through arthritis of the back and pregnancy and childbirth may also be likely causes. Pressure on the sciatic nerve through spinal stenosis or bone spurs can be painful as pain radiates all the way down the nerve.

Risk factors include:

  • Age – sciatic seems to occur mostly for those between the ages of 30 and 50 years.
  • Weight- carrying a few additional pounds places additional pressure on the spine. Increased weight or pregnancy weight gain will also increase the potential of a herniated disc.
  • Diabetes – this may cause damage to the nerve
  • Work- too much lifting or sitting for prolonged periods can damage the disc.

In the main, sciatica tends to ease within a week or two without any additional treatment, but it is possible to ease the symptoms by applying an ice pack against the painful areas for a few days and then, switch to a series of heat packs which should help ease pain or inflammation. Over the counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen can also be effective. It is often considered that rest is the best solution for sciatica pain, but a gentle movement is best. Resting can simply apply more pressure and pain as the nerve remains irritated in one position. If the pain becomes unbearable, medical assistance and advice should always be sought. A visit to a pain management specialist will consider all symptoms during the initial assessment and may wish to try a multi-treatment approach.

  • Physical therapy – works to help alleviate pain experienced but to also improve overall flexibility. Within a session, the therapist may use a variety of treatments including electrical stimulation and ultrasound.
  • Epidural steroid injection – a corticosteroid injection can help to lessen pain and inflammation and depending on the individual, an anesthetic may also be added.
  • Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TENS) – electrodes are placed along the spine and a mild electrical current is emitted which works by interrupting pain signals.

There are other beneficial options if you wish to learn how to relieve sciatica pain, as chiropractic treatments have been proven to help.  These can be used effectively alongside other treatments.

A chiropractor takes a whole-body approach to pain and recovery. The first step will be to determine the cause of sciatica and this means reviewing the individual’s medical history and providing a physical and neurological examination. Spinal adjustments are likely so to ease the irritability of the nerve and to ensure any misaligned vertebrae return to their correct positioning, chiropractors also use a TENS machine – transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and ultrasound. Sciatica may respond well to a variety of treatments although some health disorders may require specific treatments.

Reduce the Strain on Emergency Rooms by Opting for Urgent Care Clinics

Where illness or injury strikes, there is often a sense of fear, in particular, when the injury is painful or, occurs suddenly. A twisted ankle or a fall may not be life-threatening, but it is likely to need medical treatment quickly. At other times, an ongoing health condition may deteriorate gradually, perhaps, a vomiting or diarrhea bug which does not improve but, there is a real risk of dehydration. Typically, injuries or ill-health occurs when there is limited or perhaps no access to your usual doctor.

Choose Urgent Care ClinicsAt these times, the emergency room is often misused, and this causes additional work for the doctors and nurses who are on duty and, many of these conditions could easily be treated elsewhere. Emergency rooms are designed to deal with serious and life-threatening conditions. These are for unexpected health issues and treatment limited to those who desperately need medical assistance such as:

  • Serious Wounds
  • Head injuries
  • Chest pains
  • Broken bones
  • Heavy bleeding or continuous blood loss
  • Internal bleeding
  • Loss of limbs
  • Poisoning
  • Paralysis

While every case must be considered on its own merit because anxiety, ill-health, and concern about any health condition will be prevalent in that person’s mind and some conditions may seem serious but, will not turn out to be so. There will always be an overlap as to some health concerns but, for all other health issues, turning up at an emergency room is only going to ensure an extensive delay in being seen. Especially so, if an individual presents themselves with a severe head cold. It may be unpleasant but, will not be viewed as urgent. Hospital emergency rooms are extremely busy, and patients will be seen in the order that their health conditions dictate.

Therefore, it is far better to visit an urgent care clinic as these have all the amenities to help those non-urgent conditions or injuries which need medical assistance but, where the individual is not at risk. These clinics also have extended opening hours and are available on weekends too.

Importantly, it is not necessary to have an appointment at the urgent care clinics. This includes diagnostic testing and laboratory services too. By going to an urgent care clinic, it is still possible to see qualified doctors, nurses, and radiologists but, there will be reduced times in being treated which has to be an advantage. When you consider the volume of emergencies and in addition, those without health insurance who often wait to see if there is any improvement but end up going to the emergency rooms instead, it’s easy to see how pressured an environment this is.

The urgent care San Diego treatment rooms provide an extensive care coverage. They assist those with a variety of issues from minor broken bones or strains to those suffering from vomiting and diarrhea, flu, colds, allergies and even, minor cuts or burns. Where there are health concerns that cannot wait until it is possible to visit the usual doctors’ surgery, urgent care clinics are the next port of call.

There will always be times when ill-health strikes unexpectedly, or conditions grow worse. Illnesses such as bronchitis can worsen quite quickly. Although many people develop and suffer from bronchitis, treatment will be needed for chronic conditions, especially if it has not improved after 7-10 days. This is one condition where repetitive bouts of bronchitis may depict additional complications such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (COPD) so it’s important to ascertain the real risks and to consider options. There are over 9,000 urgent care clinics in the US and additional facilities are opening annually.

The Four Stages of COPD

Stages of COPDChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder (COPD) is a disease that blocks the movement of air in and out of the lungs. Damage to the air sacs and small passageways called bronchioles restricts the flow of air. First, the lungs produce mucous and inflammation in response to irritants like smoking and air pollution. Then, the tissue is damaged, resulting in more mucus and inflammation. This cycle is why COPD is a ‘progressive disease.’

How severe is your COPD? One way to measure lung damage is with Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV1). This is the amount of air you can exhale in one second. The increased blockage will limit the amount of air in each exhale, so your FEV is lower.
Medical providers have defined the stages using predicted value of FEV1. The ‘predicted value’ means what the value that is expected for healthy lungs, based on your age and gender.

  • Stage 1 (mild): FEV1 is equal or more than 80% of predicted value
  • Stage 2 (moderate): FEV1 is 50% to 79% of predicted value
  • Stage 3 (severe): FEV1 is 30% to 49% of predicted value
  • Stage 4 (very severe): FEV1 is less than 30% of predicted value, or less than 50% plus respiratory failure. This is ‘end-stage’ COPD. At this point, the lungs are beginning to stop working.

What medications treat COPD?

Treatments depend on the stage and symptom severity. Because the lung damage caused by COPD cannot be reversed, lifestyle changes that eliminate the irritants like smoking are the best way to slow it down. Many people also benefit from cardiopulmonary rehabilitation or surgery. But all COPD patients will take some medication to control symptoms and slow the disease:


  • Long-acting bronchodilators: A “bronchodilator” is a drug that makes the air passages to expand. As a result, there is more space for air to move in and out of the lungs. Most people also have a short-acting bronchodilator (‘rescue inhaler’) for sudden attacks.
  • Inhaled corticosteroids: Steroids suppress the immune system in order to reduce inflammation of the lung tissue. These are combined with a bronchodilator to ‘step up’ treatment for severe symptoms
  • PDE4 inhibitors: These drugs reduce inflammation and the amount of mucus that the lungs produce. They are an ‘add-on therapy’ if other drugs cannot control symptoms.
  • Supplement oxygen: Severe COPD leads to hypoxemia. This means the amount of oxygen in the blood is too low. Supplemental air is 100% oxygen, compared to the room air which is only 21% oxygen. Unfortunately, most COPD patients on oxygen therapy will stay on it long-term

What combination of drugs will I take? 

Here is a rough guide to the medications used at each stage of COPD. These may differ based on your symptoms, and other medical conditions that you have.

  • Stage 1: A short-acting bronchodilator (‘rescue inhaler’) whenever exacerbations or attacks occur.
  • Stage 2: Rescue inhaler as needed. Take a long-acting bronchodilator daily, in addition to cardiopulmonary rehabilitation.
  • Stage 3: Rescue inhaler as needed, daily long-acting bronchodilator, and inhaled glucocorticoid.
  • Stage 4 (“End-Stage” COPD): All of the drugs in previous stages, plus as needed based on symptoms:
  • long-term oxygen therapy
  • lung volume reduction surgery
  • lung transplantation.

Medications add up quickly. Some, like supplemental oxygen, can have a significant impact on your ability to conduct daily activities. Since you cannot reverse COPD lung damage, the best treatment is prevention.

Finally, if you smoke, the most important thing that you can do to slow or prevent COPD is quit.

What are the Symptoms of Hormonal Imbalance?

Hormones are important chemical messengers which have an effect on many aspects of overall health. Any imbalance in hormone levels can easily cause major health issues.

While there are different hormonal imbalance tests available, their accuracy can vary widely. Instead, the common indicators of disturbances in hormonal equilibrium can give doctors a better idea of what to look for.

Hormonal ImbalanceSymptoms of hormonal imbalance:

Among common symptoms of hormonal imbalance, the following are the most prominent:

  • Irregular menstruation
  • Weight fluctuations
  • Depression and anxiety
  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Appetite changes
  • Digestive problems
  • Hair loss and hair thinning

Symptoms can vary significantly based on the type of disorder causing hormonal imbalances. For instance, diabetes symptoms may bring about appetite changes or weight gain while fluctuations in estrogen levels may cause reproductive issues or endometriosis.

The following are the most specific types of problems associated with hormonal imbalances:

  • Estrogen dominance can lead to weight and appetite changes, sleep disturbances, elevated stress and allowed metabolism
  • Low estrogen causes reproductive issues, low libido, irregular periods and mood changes
  • Hypothyroidism brings about weight gain, slowed metabolism, anxiety, fatigue, and irritability
  • Hyperthyroidism can result in thinning hair, IBS, palpitations, and anxiety
  • Low testosterone levels cause erectile dysfunction, weight gain, fatigue, and muscle loss
  • Adrenal fatigue results in aches and pains in the muscles, fatigue, anxiety and depression, brain fog, sleeping trouble and reproductive problems

Hormonal imbalance treatment:

Trying to be your best with hormones out of whack can be hard work. One of the most recommended ways to restore some of this imbalance is through hormone replacement therapy. But first the same may be attempted by making some of the suggested lifestyle changes:

  • Diet is a good place to start because the foods an individual eats have a big impact on their health. With a high sugar, carb and hydrogenated fat diet, the likelihood of hormonal imbalances increases. Maintaining a healthy weight is important for storing extra fat can ruin the hormone equilibrium by elevating stored environmental toxins.
  • Exercise is also integral to maintaining hormonal balance in the body. Exercise also helps keep cortisol levels regulated along with insulin levels. Cortisol levels soar when the body experiences stress but exercise counters that effect.
  • Bioidentical hormones are another option to consider. Whereas hormonal replacement therapy is well known, a specific type of hormone therapy known as biochemical hormone replacement therapy is also available. This type is derived from plant sources and structured similarly to hormones circulating the body.

What benefits does bioidentical hormone therapy offer?

The term “bioidentical” indicates that the hormones are chemically identical to those produced by the body. The term “natural”, on the other hand, denotes products that come from animal or plant sources.

Having said that, bioidentical hormones still need to be processed commercially to become bioidentical. Those who market these products offer the advantage of custom-made products that are engineered based on a saliva test to assess individual hormonal needs.

However, the verdict on these products still remains undecided as there is almost no scientific support for an advantage of these compounds over other commercially manufactured preparations.

Worried that your Joints Crack Often?

An occasional crackle and pop of joints is not uncommon. But if your joints crack often, you need to see a doctor.

Cracks, pops or snaps can be experienced in the shoulders, elbows, hands, wrists, feet, ankles, knees and even the jaw. Here are the most common reasons for your joints popping and cracking.

Gas Bubbles

The popping sound you hear when you crack your knuckles is mainly due to gas bubbles. The lubricating synovial fluid present in the joints contains oxygen, nitrogen and carbon dioxide. Upon cracking the knuckles, these gas bubbles get released creating a pop or snap.

Sudden Movement

The pop or snap can also be caused by stretching of fluid-filled sacs, within the joints, due to a sudden change in the joint’s position.

Wear and Tear

The cushioning cartilage on the ends of the bones at joint wears away with age. Worn out articular cartilage causes joint surfaces to rub against each other and makes them rough. Rubbing of these rough bone surfaces may also cause sounds.


Repetitive motion or exercises can lead to overuse and rubbing which causes friction around the bone.

If you have noticed increased joint noises that do not go away on their own or pops and snaps that are accompanied by swelling and pain, seek medical advice.

If you are looking for pain management doctors, internal medicine doctors or mobile doctor services in San Diego, call Pacific Medical Care at 619-333-8114 or visit Mobile doctor services from Pacific Medical include services of highly qualified and experienced doctors who put the patient ‘first’, no matter how simple or complex the issue is.

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